Characterization of Aluminophosphate Glasses Containing Pr3+, Er3+, Gd3+ and Yb3+ Ions
A wet non-conventional method for preparing aluminophosphate glasses is presented. Aluminophosphate glasses belonging to the oxide system Li2O-BaO-Al2O3-La2O3-P2O5, doped with rare-earth ions (Pr3+, Er3+, Gd3+, and Yb3+) were obtained. The influence of the doping ions on the optical properties of the phosphate glasses has been investigated in relation with micro-structural and local electronic phenomena The optical behavior of Li2O-BaO-Al2O3-La2O3-P2O5 glasses doped with 3% mol. rare-earth ions has been studied by ultra-violet-visible-near-infra-red (UV-VISNIR) spectroscopy. The transmission spectra revealed electronic transitions between 4f and 6s inner orbital of the rare-earth ions. Structural information via optical phonons was provided by infra-red (IR) absorption spectra in the range 400-4000 cm-1. IR optical phonons are characteristic for the vitreous phosphate network, showing out the glass network-forming role of P2O5. The absorption spectra present the main PO2 and P-O-P symmetrical stretch modes besides P-O-P bend mode, P-OH, P=O, PO3 2-, asymmetrical and symmetrical vibration modes. Fluorescence spectra of the rareearth- doped aluminophosphate glasses, in the visible range, were obtained by laser excitation at 514.5 nm. The fluorescence signals revealed specific electronic transitions, which provide visible and near-infra-red emission. Glasses containing rare-earth ions exhibit luminescence at the following wavelengths: Pr3+ ions at 820 nm and 880 nm, Er3+ ions at 520 nm, 550 nm and 560 nm, Gd3+ ions at 530 nm, 540 nm, 550 nm 820 and 880 nm, Yb3+ions at 530 nm, 540 nm, 550 nm and 980 nm.
M. Liška, D. Galusek, R. Klement and V. Petrušková
M. Elisa et al., "Characterization of Aluminophosphate Glasses Containing Pr3+, Er3+, Gd3+ and Yb3+ Ions", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 39-40, pp. 61-64, 2008