Interfacial Bonding in a Nanoclay/Polymer Composite


Article Preview

In this study, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was conducted to analyze the chemical composition between epoxy matrix and nanocomposite. This experiment revealed that a chemical bonding at an interface between the matrix and nanoclay of the composites did exist. Thus, such bonding can enhance the mechanical and thermal properties of resultant polymer composites as reported in many literatures.



Edited by:

Prof. Alan Kin Tak Lau, Prof. Tirumalai S. Srivatsan, Debes Bhattacharyya, Ming Qiu Zhang and Mabel M.P. Ho




M. L. Chan et al., "Interfacial Bonding in a Nanoclay/Polymer Composite", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 410, pp. 156-159, 2012

Online since:

November 2011




[1] M. L Chan., K.T. Lau, M.P. Ho, A. Cheng and T.T. Wong, New Equipment and Approaches for Fabrication of Uniformly-Dispersed Nanoclay cluster/epoxy composite. Polymers and Polymer Composites. 8: 555-559 (2008).

[2] M.L. Chan, K. T Lau., T.T. Wong, M.P. Ho and D. Hui. Mechanism of Reinforcement in a Nanoclay/Polymer Composite. Composite Pt B. 42(6): 1708-1712 (2011).


[3] Y. Liua and X. Jing Pyrolysis and structure of hyperbranched polyborate modified phenolic resin. Carbon. 45: 1965-1971 (2007).


[4] M. Vasquez., G.J. Cruz, M.G. Olayo, T. Timoshina, J. Morales and R. Olayo. Chlorine dopants in plasma synthesized heteroaromatic polymers. Polymer. 47: 7864-7870 (2006).


[5] Kusunoki and Y. Igari. XPS study of a SiC film produced on Si (100) by reaction with a C2H2 beam. Applied Surface Science. 59: 95-104 (1992).


[6] H. Shi, R. Zhang, Y. Zheng, Y. He and X. Liu. Cubic silicon carbite film growth and characterization by hot filament chemical vapmy deposition. Chinese Physics Letters. 11: 709712 (1994).


[7] M. Liu, L.D. Zhang, Q. Fang, J.P. Zhang, X.J. Wang and G. He. Effect of thermal treatment on the band offsets and interfacial properties of HfOxNy gate dielectric. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 42: 195034 (2009).

[8] S.K.M. Jonnsson, W.R. Salaneck and M. Fahlman. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study of the metal/polymer contacts involving aluminium and poly(3, 4-ethylendioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonic acid) derivatives. Journal of Materials Research. 18: 1219-1226 (2003).


[9] M. Escher, N. Weber, M. Merkel, B. Kromker, D. Funnemann, S. Schmidt, F. Reinert, F. Forster, S. Hufner, P. Bernhard, C. Ziethen, H.J. Elmers. and G. Schonhense. NanoESCA: image UPS and XPS with high energy resolution. Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 20052. 144-147: 1179-1182 (2006).


[10] M. Zimowska, J.B. Wagner, J. Diziedzic, J. Camra, B. Borzecka-Prokop and M. Najbar. Some aspects of metal-support strong interactions in Rh/Al2O3 catalyst under oxidising and reducing conditions. Chemical Physics Letters. 417: 137-142 (2006).


[11] G. Polzonetti, M.V. Russo, G. Infante and A. Furlani. The interface between aluminum and a rod like organometallic Pd-containing polymer film investigated by XPS. Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena. 85: 73-80 (1997).


[12] H.U. Ping, H. Chou, Z. Hua, T. Zhan-ao and H. Z. Chan. The friction wear properties and application of thermoplastic polyester elastomer and polyoxymethlene. Journal of Wuhan University of Technology-Mater. Sci. Ed. 19. 19: 33-35 (2004).