Characterization of Polystyrene (PS)/Organomodified Layered Double Hydroxide (OLDH) Nanocomposites Prepared by In Situ Polymerization
PS/LDH nanocomposites were synthesized via in-situ polymerization technique using styrene monomer with toluene as a solvent. A series of LDHs (Mg-Al, Co-Al, Ni-Al, Cu-Al, Cu-Fe and Cu-Cr LDHs) was first prepared from their nitrate salts by co-precipitation method. The above prepared, pristine LDHs were organically modified using sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) to obtain organomodified LDHs (OLDH). Then, PS nanocomposites containing 5 wt.% OLDHs were prepared by in-situ polymerization method. The structural and thermal properties of LDHs and corresponding nanocomposites were characterized by X-Ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The absence of OLDH peak (003) in the XRD patterns of PS/OLDH nanocomposite confirms the formation of exfoliated nanocomposites. The presence of sulfate groups in the modified LDHs is confirmed by FTIR analysis. The appearance of new peaks in the FTIR spectra in the region of 3400-3500 cm-1, 1670-1680 cm-1 and 1200-1260 cm-1 for O-H stretching, H-O-H vibration and stretching vibration of sulfate, respectively indicate the existence of LDHs in the PS/OLDH nanocomposites. The entire exfoliated PS/OLDH nanocomposites exhibit enhanced thermal stability relative to the pure PS. When 50% weight loss is selected as point of comparison, the decomposition temperature of nanocomposites is about 3-5o C higher than that of pure PS.
Prof. Alan Kin Tak Lau, Prof. Tirumalai S. Srivatsan, Debes Bhattacharyya, Ming Qiu Zhang and Mabel M.P. Ho
B. Sahu and G. Pugazhenthi, "Characterization of Polystyrene (PS)/Organomodified Layered Double Hydroxide (OLDH) Nanocomposites Prepared by In Situ Polymerization", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 410, pp. 164-167, 2012