Preparation and Characterization of Porous Acicular Mullite Ceramics
Acicular mullite porous ceramics were synthesis by high-temperature sintering technique. In the present work, Kaolin and industrial aluminum hydroxide were selected as raw materials, AlF3 used as catalyst. XRD and SEM were used to detect the crystal type and microstructure of prepared mullite ceramics, respectively. The influences of sintering temperature on the growth of crystal, the apparent porosity and compressive strength of the resulting porous ceramics were investigated. The results indicate when sintering temperature ranges from 1250 ~ 1400°C, much acicular mullite crystal appeared in the resulting ceramics. The apparent porosity, the compressive strength and the morphology of the mullite whisker changed obviously with the sintering temperature. When sintering temperature is 1400°C, the porous ceramics showed the maximum compressive strength of ~28 MPa and the maximum apparent porosity of ~63%.
Cheng Zhang and Jin Hu
M. H. Luo et al., "Preparation and Characterization of Porous Acicular Mullite Ceramics", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 412, pp. 65-68, 2012