Heavy Metal Accumulation in Plants in the Zinc Smelting Area in North Western GuiZhou Province


Article Preview

By means of AAS analysis method, a study on the concentrations of Pb, Cd in the plants of four different species of plants and soils in the polluted sites by zinc smelting in north-west GuiZhou Province. The fractions of heavy metals in the soils were distinguished by the sequential extraction prcedure as mobile fraction and residual fraction. Heavy metal concentrations in the plant were found linearly increased with their concentrations in soils around plant rhizosphere. The concentrations of Pb and Cd in the four plants followed the order Pb > Cd. Sambucus Chinensis and Ixeris gracilis were proved to have good metal-enriched and transport abilities. These plants would be useful to recover the ecology in these heavy metal polluted regions.



Edited by:

Dongwei Li




W. Y. Bai et al., "Heavy Metal Accumulation in Plants in the Zinc Smelting Area in North Western GuiZhou Province", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 414, pp. 294-300, 2012

Online since:

December 2011




[1] McLaughlin, M.J., Parker, D.R., Clarke, J.M., Metals and micronutrients-foodsafety issues. Field Crops Research 60(1999) 143-163.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-4290(98)00137-3

[2] Komarnicki, G.J.K., Lead and cadmium in indoor air and the urbanenvironment. Environmental Pollution 136(2005) 47-61.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2004.12.006

[3] Yang, Y., Liu, C., Wu, P., Zhang, G., Zhu, W.,. Heavy metal accumulation from zinc smelters in a carbonate rock region in Hezhang County, Guizhou Province, China. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 174 (2006) 321-339.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-006-9121-2

[4] Tomsett A B, Thurman D A. , Molevutar biology of metal tolerance of plants[J]. Plant Cell Environ, 11(1998) 383-394.

[5] Sillanpas M, Jansson H. , Status of cadmium, lead , cobalt and selenium in soils and plants of thirty countries[Z] . Fao Soils Bull, 65(1992) 359-415.

[6] Outridge, P.M., Noller, B.N., Accumulation of toxic trace elements by freshwater vascular plants. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 121 (1991) 1-63.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-3196-7_1

[7] Baldantoni, D., Maisto, G., Bartoli, G., Alfani, A., Analyses of the Three Native Aquatic Plant Species to Assess Spatial Gradients of Lake Trace Element Contamination. Aquatic Botany 83(2005) 48-60.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2005.05.006

[8] Hozhina, E.I., Khramov, A.A., Gerasimov, P.A., Kumarkov, A.A., Uptake of heavy metals, arsenic, and antimony by aquatic plants in the vicinity of ore mining and processing industries. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 74(2001) 153-162.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0375-6742(01)00181-9

[9] Deng, H., Ye, Z.H., Wong, M.H., Accumulation of lead, zinc, copper and cadmium by 12 wetland plant species thriving in metal-contaminated sites in China. Environmental Pollution 132(2004) 29-40.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2004.03.030

[10] Cymerman-Samecka, A., Kempers, A.J., Toxic metals in aquatic plants surviving in surface water polluted by copper mining industry. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 59(2004) 64-69.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2003.12.002

[11] Reeves R D. The hyperaccumulation of nickel by serpentine plants[A]. In: Gunn J M. Baker vegetation of ultramatic(sperntine) soil[M]. Andover, Hampshire, UK: Intercept Ltd.: (1992) 253-277.

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.