An Improved EMD Method and its Application in Nonstationary Signals Analysis
Empirical mode decomposition (EMD) method based on HHT has exhibited unique advantages such as adaptability and highly efficiency in many nonlinear, nonstationary signals processing applications. It breaks the uncertainty principle limit, but the traditional EMD still has its deficiencies. In this article, we construct a new wavelet which has excellent decomposing-frequency performance and energy concentration, and then an improved EMD method based on this wavelet is presented. Results of numerical simulation show the validity and efficiency of the method proposed in paper are better than traditional one. Furthermore, some foreseeable trends of time-frequency distribution technologies are described. The systems in reality, strictly speaking, tend to non-linear, so most practical signals are non-stationary random signals. Nonlinear, nonstationary signals analysis is a very significant and difficult problem in almost all technical fields such as automation, communication, aerospace- engineering, biomedicine, structural fault diagnosis and so on. Owed to the rapid development of large scale integrated circuit technology and artificial intelligence, the exploration of signal processing theories have got a sharply impetus. A series of new modern signal processing theories and methods have appeared to meet the need of time-frequency joint analysis of nonlinear, non-Gaussian and non-stationary signals, including discrete short-time Fourier transform, wavelet transform, Hilbert-Huang transform and so on. Time-frequency joint analysis can observe the evolution of the signal in the time domain and the frequency domain simultaneously, provide local time-frequency characteristics of the signal.
J. H. Chen "An Improved EMD Method and its Application in Nonstationary Signals Analysis", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 429, pp. 313-317, 2012