Dynamics and Temperature Simulation in Multi-Axis Milling
Lightweight extrusion profiles with reinforcement elements are promising news in the domain of lightweight construction. The machining of them suffers from several problems: Aside from the question of choosing a suitable tool, feed rate, and milling strategy, an excessive rise in temperature could lead to stress and even a distortion due to the differing thermal expansion of the reinforcement material and the surrounding matrix material. A simulation of the milling process could, in addition to force and collision calculations, recognize this case before manufacturing. For certain milling applications like seal surfaces, a certain roughness of the manufactured surface is necessary. In many other cases, a smooth surface of very high quality is desirable. Available simulation systems usually completely lack the simulation of dynamic effects, which have a great effect on the final surface quality, and therefore are not able to predict the resulting surface quality. In this paper simulation methods are presented that are capable of simulating the dynamic behavior of the tool in the milling process and the resulting flank and ground surface structures. Additionally, a fast temperature simulation for heterogeneous workpieces with reinforcement elements, which is based on the finite difference method and cellular automata, is introduced.
Klaus Weinert, Jürgen Fleischer, A. Erman Tekkaya, Michael Zäh, and Marco Schikorra
E. Ungemach et al., "Dynamics and Temperature Simulation in Multi-Axis Milling", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 43, pp. 89-96, 2008