Embedding of Alumina Reinforcing Elements in the Composite Extrusion Process
Extruded aluminum profiles are essential for lightweight constructions in contemporary transport and automotive applications. The reinforcement of such aluminum-based profiles with high-strength materials offers a high potential for weight reduction and an improvement of functional and mechanical properties. In comparison to conventional composite extrusion using fiber or particle reinforced billets, the alternatively developed process for the embedding of endless reinforcing elements provides enormous advantages regarding extrusion forces, load-adapted reinforcement, and tool abrasion. In this extrusion process with conventional billets, modified tools with portholes are used to position reinforcing elements from outside the pressing tool and to embed them into the material flow during the pressing operation. This composite extrusion process is part of the research work started in 2003 and carried out within the scope of the Collaborative Research Center SFB/TR10. To increase the potential of composite extrusion with endless reinforcing elements, the manufacture of composite extrusion profiles with high-strength non-metallic alumina wires is planned. Due to the wires’ specific properties, e.g. high stiffness, their deflection behavior must be analyzed to guarantee a stable feeding-in process. In this paper the specific behavior of alumina reinforcing elements regarding the feeding-in process is analyzed by experimental investigations. The main influencing factors are determined and a process window is deduced.
Klaus Weinert, Jürgen Fleischer, A. Erman Tekkaya, Michael Zäh, and Marco Schikorra
D. Pietzka et al., "Embedding of Alumina Reinforcing Elements in the Composite Extrusion Process", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 43, pp. 9-16, 2008