Wear Assessment of Ti/SiC Surface Nano-Composite Layer and its Associated CP-Ti Substrate
In the present investigation, the surface of a commercially pure titanium (CP-Ti) substrate was modified to Ti/SiC nanocomposite layer employing friction stir processing technique; nanosized SiC powder was introduced into the stir zone provided by a rotating and advancing tool. The fabricated nanocomposite surface layer exhibited a micro hardness value of ~535HV which is much greater than 160HV of the substrate material using Vickers micro hardness testing. In addition, the un-treated CP-Ti substrate showed sever wear regime in the pin-on-disc test against the hardened AISI 52100 steel. It suffers extensive typical adhesive wear dominated by plastic deformation as evidenced by scanning electron microscopy. Also, deep grooves were formed, i.e. evidence of abrasive wear. Contrary to this, enhanced wear properties were detected for the Ti/SiC nanocomposite surface layer, i.e. lower coefficient of friction and weight loss. The nanocomposite surface layer was found to be adherent to the underlying substrate during the pin-on-disc test. The superior wear behavior of the nanocomposite surface layer is attributed to its improved micro hardness value due to the presence of hard nanosize SiC particles in a refined titanium matrix.
Faruk Yigit and Mohammed S. J. Hashmi
A. Shamsipur et al., "Wear Assessment of Ti/SiC Surface Nano-Composite Layer and its Associated CP-Ti Substrate", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 445, pp. 595-600, 2012