Effect of Electrospun Fibers on the Interlaminar Properties of Woven Composites
Failure by delamination of composite laminates due to low velocity impact damages is critical because of the subsurface nature of delamination. Traditional methods such as stitching and Zpinning, while improving interlaminar properties in woven composites, lead to a reduction of the inplane properties. To alleviate these problems, use of Tetra Ethyl Orthosilicate (TEOS) nano fibers manufactured using electrospinning technique in fiber Glass-Epon composite laminates is investigated for their potential to improve the interlaminar properties. Electrospun coated fiber glass woven mats are impregnated with epoxy resin using Heated-Vaccum Assisted Resin Transfer Moulding (H-VARTM) process. The interlaminar properties of the nano engineered hybrid composites obtained using ASTM Double Cantilever Beam (DCB) tests and short beam shear tests are compared with those without the presence of electrospun fiber layers, to study their influence. The short beam shear tests revealed a 20% improvement due to presence of TEOS interlaminar electrospun nanofibers. It is also noteworthy that fibers cured at different temperature levels had variation in performance as observed in MSBS test results.
Alan K.T. Lau, J. Lu, Vijay K. Varadan, F.K. Chang, J.P. Tu and P.M. Lam
A. D. Kelkar et al., "Effect of Electrospun Fibers on the Interlaminar Properties of Woven Composites", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 47-50, pp. 1031-1034, 2008