Shape Memory Characteristics of Ti50Ni50-xCux(x=35, 40) Alloy Strips
The shape memory alloy strips of Ti50Ni15Cu35 and Ti50Ni10Cu40 had been fabricated by arc melt overflow. Their microstructures and shape memory characteristics were investigated by means of X-ray diffraction, optical microscopy and differential scanning calorimetries. The microstructure of as-cast strips exhibited columnar grains normal to the strip surface. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that one-step martensitic transformation of B2-B19 occurred in the alloy strips. According to the DSC analysis, it was known that the martensitic transformation temperature (Ms) of B2→B19 was 71.2°C in Ti50Ni15Cu35 and 64.5°C in Ti50Ni10Cu40 alloy strip, respectively. During thermal cyclic deformation with the applied stress of 60 MPa, transformation hysteresis and elongation associated with the B2-B19 transformation were observed to be 4.9°C and 1.4% in Ti50Ni15Cu35 alloy strip. However, Ti50Ni10Cu40 alloy strip was so brittle that its mechanical properties could not be measured.
Alan K.T. Lau, J. Lu, Vijay K. Varadan, F.K. Chang, J.P. Tu and P.M. Lam
Y. W. Kim et al., "Shape Memory Characteristics of Ti50Ni50-xCux(x=35, 40) Alloy Strips", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 47-50, pp. 463-466, 2008