Microstructures and Oxygen Reduction of Recycled TiH2 Powders during Sintering
Using commercial Ti powders and recycled TiH2 powders made from titanium turning chips, the effects of hydrogen on microstructures and oxygen reduction were investigated. Each powder was hot-pressed at 750oC and 1100oC, which are below and above β-transition temperature (880oC), respectively. The TiH2 and Ti samples of sintered at 1100oC showed equiaxed α phase. However, TiH2 sample sintered at 750oC consist of primary α phase, secondary α phase and titanium hydride (TiH2), though Ti sample represented single α phase. The formation of complex microstructure in TiH2 sample sintered at 750oC is due to hydrogen remained after sintering. The oxygen contents after sintering in TiH2 samples were relatively lower than Ti samples, although those before sintering were higher than Ti. This result can be explained that hydrogen gas generated from dehydrogenation of TiH2 leads to the reduction of oxygen contents and protection of re-oxidation during sintering.
Alan K.T. Lau, J. Lu, Vijay K. Varadan, F.K. Chang, J.P. Tu and P.M. Lam
J. M. Jang et al., "Microstructures and Oxygen Reduction of Recycled TiH2 Powders during Sintering", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 47-50, pp. 995-998, 2008