Morphology and Composition Controlled Synthesis of BN-Coated Aluminum Borate Nanowhiskers


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Large quantities of BN-coated aluminum borate (Al18B4O33) nanowhiskers with typical 20 - 50 nm in diameter and 0.5 - 2 m in length have been successfully synthesized by sol-gel and post-thermal-treatment methods. The dependence of morphology and structures on the synthetic process of the coated nanowhiskers has been investigated systematically. Al4B2O9 nanowhiskers were first prepared at a relative low temperature, and then converted into Al18B4O33 nanowhiskers at higher temperatures in the air due to their high-temperature instability. Besides Al18B4O33phase, Al5BO9 and B2O3 could also be generated in the process of transition. However, if a flow of NH3 gas was introduced during the post-thermal-treatment of Al4B2O9 nanowhiskers, the Al5BO9 and B2O3 phases disappeared and BN-coated Al18B4O33 nanowhiskers were finally obtained. Uniform BN layers were coated on the surface of the nanowhiskers by the interfacial reaction between NH3 and B2O3 vapor which was in-situ generated from the nanowhiskers. The NH3-introducing temperature has a significant effect on the morphology and composition of the nanowhiskers. The BN-coated Al18B4O33nanowhiskers are envisaged to become prime candidates as reinforcement in light metal matrix composites.



Edited by:

S.T. Tu, G.Z. Wang and J.M. Gong




Z. J. Mo et al., "Morphology and Composition Controlled Synthesis of BN-Coated Aluminum Borate Nanowhiskers", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 509, pp. 125-131, 2012

Online since:

April 2012




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