Nanocomposite Co/Al2O3 coatings were fabricated by composite electrodeposition. The nanosized Al2O3 particles were suspended in aqueous cobalt sulfamate solution and subsequently co-deposited on a Cu substrate. The samples were characterized by Scanning electron microscopy and Atomic force microscopy for determination of surface morphology. X-ray diffraction technique concomitant with Transmission electron microscopy were utilized to identify the phases and emanation of microstructure while magnetic properties of the Co/Al2O3 nanocomposite coatings were investigated by vibrating sample magnetometer. The results indicated that, the Al2O3 nanoparticles suspended in the plating solution acquired a positively charge due to the presence of Co ions. These positively charged Al2O3 particles drift towards the cathode by electrophoresis and are reduced by Co ions to form the Co/Al2O3 composite film. The Co grains in the films show hcp structure with (11 2 0) preferred orientation. The grain size and surface roughness of the Co/Al2O3 compositesis found to decrease with increasing Al2O3 volume fraction while the magnetization of the composite films decreases with increasing concentration of Al2O3 nanoparticles. However the coercivity of the coatings was found to increase with increasing Al2O3 content. It could be delineated from the TEM micrographs that the Al2O3 nanoparticles dispersed in the Co matrix inhibited the grain growth of Co matrix resulting in pinning of the magnetic domains due to which the coercivity of the composite layers was found to increase.