Structure Evaluation and Microbial Biomass Determining of Biological Activated Carbon


Article Preview

To investigate the microorganisms growth process and biostability of biological activated carbon by manual preparation, the microorganisms growth process were observed by the photos of optics and electronic microscope, and the microbial biomass was determined by phospholipids (Lipid-P) analysis. The bell bug, rotifer and eelworm were observed by the photos of optics and electronic microscope. The zoogloea size of the foster biological active carbon was big, the configuration was tight. The quantity of zoogloea on the top of BAC column was more than that on the below. The Lipid-P biomass of BAC on the top and below were 16nmolP/cm3 and 6.2nmolP/cm3 respectively, as same as that was the number of E. Coli cells were 1.6×109cfu/cm3 and 6.2×108cfu/cm3 respectively in 60-days. The Lipid-P biomass decreased to 90 days. The biological activated carbon was obtained by manual culture.



Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 518-523)

Edited by:

Reza Iranpour, Ji Zhao, Aijie Wang, Fenglin Yang and Xinyong Li




M. F. Zhu et al., "Structure Evaluation and Microbial Biomass Determining of Biological Activated Carbon", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 518-523, pp. 93-97, 2012

Online since:

May 2012




[1] Liu Hong, Xie Pei-zhen, Li An-jie, et al. Theory and technology of biological activated carbon for water purification[M]. Beijing: Science press, 2007, 1-2.

[2] Zhang Xiaojian, Wang Zhansheng, Gu Xia-sheng. Simple combination of biodegradation and carbon adsorption-the mechanism of the biological activated carbon process[J]. Water Research, 1991, 25(2): 165-172.


[3] Ma Fang, Shi Shuang-xin, Yang Ji-xian, et al. Study on formation of immobilized BAC and function[J]. Journal of harbin university of civil engineering and architecture, 2000, 33(1): 47-50.

[4] Zhu Meng-fu, Wang Hai-yan, Su Hong-bo, et al. Design of purification system of micropolluted ground water in oilfield area[J]. China water &wastewater, 2008, 24(18): 58-60.

[5] Alexander S, Sirotkin, Larisa Yu, et al. The BAC-process for treatment of wastewater containing non-monogenic synthetic surfactants[J]. Water Resources, 2001, 13(8): 3265-3271.


[6] Jin Wen-li, Zhu Meng-fu, Zhang Yu-zhong, et al. Study on treatment of micro-polluted oily water with the combination process of ozonation granular activated carbon ultrafiltration[J]. Water&wastewater engineering, 2009, 35(5): 129-133.

[7] Lazarova V, Manem J. Biofilm characterization and activity analysis in water and wastewater treatment[J]. Water Research, 1995, 29(10): 2227-2245.


[8] Wang JZ, Summers RS, Miltner RJ. Biofiltration performance: Part l relationship to biomass[J]. AWWA, 1995, 87(12): 55-63.

[9] Narasimmalu R, Osamu M, Norifumi I, et al. Variation in microbial biomass and community structure in sediments of eutrophic bays as determined by phospholipid ester-linked fatty acids[J]. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1992, 58(2): 562-571.


[10] Moll DM, Summers RS, Breen A. Microbial characterization of biological filters used for drinking water treatment, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1998, 64(7): 2755-2759.