Lithium niobate powder (LiNbO3) were synthesized by citrate gel method using LiNO3, Nb2O5, citric acid and HF as starting materials. LiNO3 was dissolved in distilled water that activated into LiOH. Nb2O5 was dissolved in minimum amount of HF at 370C for 20 h. that activated into NbF5. Then citric acid, LiOH, and NbF5 were mixed in stoichiometric ratio. On heating at 1000C for 3-4 h. a yellowish gel is formed. Lithium niobate powders were obtained after calcination at 550-7000C. The effect of calcination temperature at various temperatures ranging from 5500C to 7000C were investigated. The phase and chemical composition of the synthesized powders were characterized by using XRD, SEM, TEM, FTIR and EDX. We found that the lithium niobate crystallize phase formed when the calcination temperature at 6500C with average particle size of around 100 nm .