Fuzzy TOPSIS Model for Pollution Assessment of Unintentional Produced Polychlorinated Biphenyls in China


Article Preview

Due to Chinese air concentration of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) was increasingly from 2004 to 2008, and PCBs were banned in the past decade in China. With rapidly development of Chinese economy, the unintentional produced PCBs (UP-PCBs) may become the main sources of air concentration. We pay attention to investigate the production amount of different industries of different provinces in China. Through emission factor of different pollutant sources to calculate the weights, then using the fuzzy TOPSIS to assess pollutant emission, the results showed a strong and significant coefficient between cement production and emission, and between closeness coefficient (C*) and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of different provinces in 2009, then we compare the total amount of emission to C* values in different provinces that found the order of emission assessment very approximately. Hence, the fuzzy TOPSIS methods can effectively assess the pollution emission condition of UP-PCBs.



Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 573-574)

Edited by:

Zhenyu Du and Peiyu Ren




S. Cui et al., "Fuzzy TOPSIS Model for Pollution Assessment of Unintentional Produced Polychlorinated Biphenyls in China", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 573-574, pp. 8-13, 2012

Online since:

October 2012




[1] Manolya Gunindi, Yucel Tasdemir. Wet and dry deposition fluxes of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in an urban area of Turkey. Water Air Soil Pollut. 2011, 215: 427-439.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-010-0488-8

[2] A. Beyer, M. Biziuk. Environmental fate and global distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls. Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology, 2009, 201: 137-158.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0032-6_5

[3] Jaward, F. M.; Zhang, G.; Nam, J. J. et al. Passive air sampling of polychlorinated biphenyls, organochlorine compounds, and polybrominated diphenyl ethers across Asia. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2005, 39, 8638–8645.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/es051382h

[4] Zhang, Z.; Liu, L.Y.; Li, Y. F. et al. Analysis of polychlorinated biphenyls in concurrently sampled Chinese air and surface soil. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2008, 42, 6514–6518.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/es8004078

[5] Hogarh; Nartey, J.; Seike, N. et al. Passive air monitoring of PCBs and PCNs across East Asia: A comprehensive congener evaluation for source characterization. Chemosphere 2012, 86, 718-726.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.10.046

[6] Breivik, K.; Sweetman, A.; Pacyna, J. M.; Jones, K. C. Towards a global historical emission inventory for selected PCB congeners-A mass balance approach 2. Emissions. Sci. Total Environ . 2002, 290(1-3), 199-224.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0048-9697(01)01076-2

[7] Breivik, K.; Sweetman, A.; Pacyna J. M.; Jones K. C. Towards a global historical emission inventory for selected PCB congeners - a mass balance approach. 3. An update. Sci. Total Environ . 2007, 377(2-3), 296-307.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.02.026

[8] Yang, S. W.; Huang, J.; Yu, G.; Inventory Study of Unintentional produced Hexachlorobenzene and Polychlorinated Biphenyls Release to the Air. Environmental Pollution & Control 2010, 32, 82-91.

[9] C.L. Hwang, K. Yoon. Multiple Attribute Decision Making: Methods and Applications, Springer, Heidelberg, (1987).

[10] Toda E. POPs and heavy metals emission inventory of Japan. Tokyo: Japanese Ministry of Environment, (2005).