Development of High Strength Ductile Iron with Niobium Addition
The studies emphasis on the development of niobium alloyed ductile iron with higher strength comparing to unalloyed ductile iron. 0.5wt% to 2wt% niobium were added into mixture of ductile iron casting containing pig iron, carburizer and steel scrap, and nodulized through 1.6wt% Fe-Si-Mg addition in CO2 sand casting process. Samples were then machined according to TS EN 10001 standards for tensile test and ASTM E23 for Charpy impact test. In addition, Rockwell hardness test was also performed. Microstructure observations were made after 2% Nital chemical etched and the phase structures were validated through XRD analysis. It was found that addition of niobium in ductile iron provide significant enhancement in mechanical properties when compared to unalloyed ductile iron. Addition of higher amount of niobium had further increased the strength and impact toughness properties. The enhancement of the mechanical properties is expected to further expand the applications of ductile iron.
Mustafizur Rahman, Erry Yulian Triblas Adesta, Mohammad Yeakub Ali, A.N. Mustafizul Karim, Md. Abdul Maleque, Hazleen Anuar, Tasnim Firdaus Mohamed Ariff, NMohammad Iqbal, Noorasikin Samat and Noor Azlina Hassan
S. K. Alias et al., "Development of High Strength Ductile Iron with Niobium Addition", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 576, pp. 366-369, 2012