Biodegradability Analysis of KBF Reinforced Poly(lactic Acid) Biocomposites
Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and kenaf bast fiber (KBF) were melt-blended using brabender into films in the PLA/KBF ratios of 100/0, 90/10, 70/30 and 50/50 for natural soil burial test. This formulation was used to study the biodegradability of PLA and PLA/KBF biocomposites. It was found that the decompositions of the biocomposite were faster than pure PLA. The SEM morphology of the tensile fracture surface of the 30% and 50% of PLA/KBF biocomposites presented larger pores and degradation areas than smaller KBF loading (10 wt%). This result shows that the addition of larger fibre loading to the PLA matrix increased the micropore surface area of the PLA/KBF biocomposite hence accelerated the decompositions time of the biocomposites.
Mustafizur Rahman, Erry Yulian Triblas Adesta, Mohammad Yeakub Ali, A.N. Mustafizul Karim, Md. Abdul Maleque, Hazleen Anuar, Tasnim Firdaus Mohamed Ariff, NMohammad Iqbal, Noorasikin Samat and Noor Azlina Hassan
M. Othman et al., "Biodegradability Analysis of KBF Reinforced Poly(lactic Acid) Biocomposites", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 576, pp. 434-437, 2012