Biodegradability Analysis of KBF Reinforced Poly(lactic Acid) Biocomposites


Article Preview

Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and kenaf bast fiber (KBF) were melt-blended using brabender into films in the PLA/KBF ratios of 100/0, 90/10, 70/30 and 50/50 for natural soil burial test. This formulation was used to study the biodegradability of PLA and PLA/KBF biocomposites. It was found that the decompositions of the biocomposite were faster than pure PLA. The SEM morphology of the tensile fracture surface of the 30% and 50% of PLA/KBF biocomposites presented larger pores and degradation areas than smaller KBF loading (10 wt%). This result shows that the addition of larger fibre loading to the PLA matrix increased the micropore surface area of the PLA/KBF biocomposite hence accelerated the decompositions time of the biocomposites.



Edited by:

Mustafizur Rahman, Erry Yulian Triblas Adesta, Mohammad Yeakub Ali, A.N. Mustafizul Karim, Md. Abdul Maleque, Hazleen Anuar, Tasnim Firdaus Mohamed Ariff, NMohammad Iqbal, Noorasikin Samat and Noor Azlina Hassan




M. Othman et al., "Biodegradability Analysis of KBF Reinforced Poly(lactic Acid) Biocomposites", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 576, pp. 434-437, 2012

Online since:

October 2012




[1] N.C. Bleach, Effect of filler content on mechanical and dynamic mechanical properties of particulate biphasic calsium phosphate-polylactide composites, Biomaterials. 23 (2002) 1579-1584.


[2] V. Tserki, P. Matzimos, C. Panayiotou, Biodegradable Aliphatic Polyesters, Part II: Synthesis and Characterization of Chain Extended Poly(butylenes succinate-co-butylene adipate) Polymer Degradation Stability, 91 (2006) 367-372.


[3] O. Shinji, Mechanical properties of kenaf fibers and kenaf/PLA composites, Mechanics of Materials, 40 (2007) 446-452.


[4] Hee-Soo Kim, Han-Seung Yang, Hyun-Joong Kim, Biodegradability and Mechanical Properties of Agro-Flour–Filled Polybutylene Succinate Biocomposites. Applied Polymer Science, 97 (2005) 1513–1521.


[5] U.S. Ishiaku, K.W. Pang, W.S. Lee, A.M. Ishak, Biodegradability and Mechanical Properties of Agro-Flour–Filled Polybutylene Succinate Biocomposites, European Polymer Material, 38 (2002) 393-403.

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.