Characteristics of Cellulose from Lespedeza stalks Steam Pretreated with Low Severity Steam and Post-Treatment by Alkaline Peroxide for Energy Production
Lespedeza crytobotrya is a shrub species with properties of substantial biomass and widely distributes in the desert region of China. The cellulose separated from Lespedeza after pre-treatment can be enzymatic hydrolyzed into glucose for ethanol or other chemicals production, which are important renewable fuels or raw material for other material synthesis. Moreover it also can be used for cellulosic material production. So it is necessary to evaluate the cellulose of Lespedeza crytobotrya before its utilization. In this study four cellulosic fractions were isolated by pretreatment with low severity steam and post-treatment with alkaline peroxide. They were comparatively studied by sugar analysis and the average degree of polymerization. After alkaline peroxide post-treatment, the hemicelluloses in the cellulosic fractions were removed markedly. The treatment intensity had a profound effect on the average degree of polymerization, which was increased firstly and then decreased. A combination of low severity steam pretreatment and alkaline peroxide post-treatment is an effective method for Lespedeza stalks to obtain high glucose yield.
Helen Zhang, David Jin and X.J. Zhao
Y. Xing et al., "Characteristics of Cellulose from Lespedeza stalks Steam Pretreated with Low Severity Steam and Post-Treatment by Alkaline Peroxide for Energy Production", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 578, pp. 30-34, 2012