Preparation and Application Study on the Coalmine Wastewater Flocculant - PAM/OMMT
The modified polyacrylamide/organic montmorillonite (PAM/OMMT) flocculant was prepared by in-situ intercalation polymerization with acrylamide monomer and OMMT under CO2 inert atmosphere. The OMMT was synthesized with MMT and cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) as intercalation agent by cationic exchange reaction. This flocculant was used to deal with coalmine wastewater. The effects of the flocculant dose on turbidity removal rate and settling time, the influent of pH value, temperature on turbidity removal rate and the comparison with PAM was studied. Experimental results show that PAM/OMMT is a kind of high efficient compound flocculating agent, the formation of hydrophobic micro in polymer surface area has strong adsorption ability and dispersing capability. Then MMT increased the quality of flocculant body so that flocculating settling time is shorter. Its turbidity removal rate can be as high as 95.5%. Compared with PAM, PAM/OMMT presents many advantages with higher turbidity removal rate, higher settling velocity, lower relatively sludge water content and lower sensitivity of temperature and pH in wastewater treatment process. Flocculant dosage in 10 to 20 mg/L is the optimal flocculation condition. Sludge water content treated by PAM/OMMT (63.4%) is relatively lower than PAM (80.2%).
Jimmy (C.M.) Kao, Wen-Pei Sung and Ran Chen
S. F. Shi et al., "Preparation and Application Study on the Coalmine Wastewater Flocculant - PAM/OMMT", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 581-582, pp. 223-227, 2012