Pd-Only Catalyst Modified by BaO with Co- Precipitation and Impregnation Methods towards the Methanol Fuel Emission Control
Barium oxide was introduced to modify Palladium catalysts supported on CeO2–ZrO2-La2O3-Al2O3 (CZLA) by impregnation and co-precipitation. methods. Various techniques, including X-ray diffraction (XRD), H2-temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), were employed to characterize the physicochemical properties of BaO-modified Pd-only catalyst. Catalytic activity for methanol, CO, C3H8 and NO conversions showed that BaO-modified catalyst prepared by impregnation method exhibited the best performance for methanol, C3H8 and NO removals, while the catalyst prepared by co-precipitation method was in favor of CO oxidation. Combined with the results of XRD, H2-TPR and XPS, it is concluded that the co-existence of PdO and Pd-O-Ce active species by impregnation played an important role in the methanol, C3H8 and NO removals, while the higher dispersion of palladium and improved reducibility were mostly favorable to the CO oxidation. The conversion of NO was co-effected by tow active species and the formation of Ba2AlLaO5 mixed oxide.
Jimmy (C.M.) Kao, Wen-Pei Sung and Ran Chen
X. Q. Zhang et al., "Pd-Only Catalyst Modified by BaO with Co- Precipitation and Impregnation Methods towards the Methanol Fuel Emission Control", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 581-582, pp. 313-316, 2012