Welding of Fe-Al Intermetallic Compound and Steel by SPS Technology
The welding between Fe-Al intermetallic compound and high-strength steel was done via SPS technology. Microstructure, elements concentration and micro-hardness of welding joint were examined. The results indicated that there was no obvious welding heat-affected zone in both Fe-Al intermetallic compound and high-strength steel. The HAZ microstructures of high-strength steel were mainly martensite. In Fe-Al intermetallic compound, the grain size of heat-affected zone was larger than that of base metal and the density of heat-affected zone was lower than that of base metal. Besides, the grains of base metal had deformation phenomena. The welding joint had steady performance and the connection was reliable. Under the influence of chemical potential differences, unidirectional impulses discharge current and axial pressure, elements diffused perfectly in a short period of time.
Jimmy (C.M.) Kao, Wen-Pei Sung and Ran Chen
G. D. Zhang et al., "Welding of Fe-Al Intermetallic Compound and Steel by SPS Technology", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 581-582, pp. 582-585, 2012