Biodegradation Studies on Phenolic Compounds


Article Preview

The removal of phenolic compounds in effluents is major problem in industries. Degradation of phenolic compounds using co-culture microbial species along with individual specimens was studied. The COD reduction percentage showed a better degradation with co-culture. The degradation with microbial concentration as function of time was studied and shown an effective degradation with growth of microbial species on the fifth day. Parameters such as pH, temperature, ion sources for aerobic degradation are analyzed. Improving biomass growth and COD removal percentage of the co-culture showed a better degradation with pH range 7-8 at temperature of 35°C. Sodium ions are best suited for the growth of microbial organisms.



Edited by:

D. Rajan Babu




S.P. Prabhakaran et al., "Biodegradation Studies on Phenolic Compounds", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 584, pp. 455-459, 2012

Online since:

October 2012




[1] G. Wei, J. Yu, Y. Zhu, W. Chen, L. Wang, Characterization of phenol degradation by Rhizobium Sp. CCNWTB 701 isolated from Astragalus chrysopteru in mining tailing region, J Hazard Mater. 151 (2008) 111-117.


[2] K. L. Ho, B. Lin, Y. Y. Chen, D. J. Lee, Biodegradation of phenol using Corynebacterium Sp. DJ1 aerobic Granules, Bioresource Technol. 100 (2009) 5051-5055.


[3] K. A. Khan, M. T. Suidnn, W. H. Cross, Anaerobic activated carbon filter for the treatment of phenol-bearing wastewater, J. Water Pollut. Control Fed., 53 (1981) 1519-1532.

[4] V. Arutchelvan, V. Kanakasabai, S. Nagarajan, V. Muralikrishnan, Kinetics of high strength phenol degradation using Bacillus Brevis, J. Hazard Mater. 129 (2006) 216-222.


[5] G. Buitron, A. Gonzalez, Characterization of the microorganisms from an acclimated activated sludge degrading phenolic compounds, Water Sci. Technol. 34 (1996) 289–294.


[6] R. C. Bayly, G. J. Wigmore, Metabolism of phenol and cresols by mutants of Pseudomonas putida, J. Bacteriol., 113 (1973) 1112-1120.

[7] C. Indu Nair, K. Jayachandran, Shankar Shashidhar, Biodegradation of phenol (Review), Afr J. Biotechnol. 7 (2008) 4951-4958.

[8] Bared Razika, Boucheta Abbes, Chaib Messaoud, Kacimi Soufi, Phenol and benzoic acid degradation by Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, J. Water Resource Prot. 2 (2010), 788-791.