Dichroic Dye Induced Nonlinearity in Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystal Materials for Display Devices

Abstract:

Article Preview

The electro-optical characteristics of dye-doped polymer dispersed liquid crystals (PDLCs) have been investigated for display applications. The PDLC samples were obtained by polymerization induced phase separation of the nematic liquid crystal (LC)-dye-prepolymer mixtures under UV illumination with a constant intensity. The optimum conditions for the scattering characteristics of the dye-doped PDLC films as function of the dye concentration have been examined. It was seen that the phase separation and segregation of LC droplets is dependent on the amount of dye used. LC droplets in dye-doped PDLC films exhibit various configurations at lower and higher applied electric field when observed in situ under polarizing optical microscope. The effects of morphology on the electro-optical properties were examined. Experimental results indicate that the driving voltage and contrast ratio were affected considerably by the amount of dye. UV-VIS spectroscopy results showed that the molecular orientation of dye in LC droplets can be controlled to induce nonlinearity in these materials. The results showed that the dye concentration can be optimized to obtain promising electronic materials with minimum threshold and high contrast for display applications.

Info:

Periodical:

Edited by:

D. Rajan Babu

Pages:

79-83

Citation:

R. Deshmukh et al., "Dichroic Dye Induced Nonlinearity in Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystal Materials for Display Devices", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 584, pp. 79-83, 2012

Online since:

October 2012

Export:

Price:

$38.00

[1] L. Bouteiller, P.L. Barny, Polymer-dispersed liquid crystals: Preparation, operation and application, Liq. Cryst. 21 (1996) 157-174.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02678299608032820

[2] H. Ren, Y.H. Fan, S.T. Wu, Tunable Fresnel lens using nanoscale polymer-dispersed liquid crytals , Appl. Phys. Lett. 83 (2003) 1515-1518.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1604943

[3] G.P. Crawford, Flexible Flat Panel Displays, Wiley, Chichester, (2005).

[4] J.W. Doane, A. Golemme, J.L. West, J. B. Whitehead, B.G. Wu, Polymer dispersed liquid crystal for display application, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 165 (1988) 511-532.

[5] D.K. Yang, S.T. Wu, Fundamentals of Liquid Crystal Devices, Wiley, Chichester, (2006).

[6] E. Lueder, Liquid Crystal Displays, Wiley, Chichester, (2001).

[7] H. Fujikake, H. Sato, T. Murashige, Polymer-stabilized ferroelectric liquid crystal for flexible displays, Displays 25 (2004) 3-8.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.displa.2004.04.001

[8] U. Maschke, X. Coqueret, M. Benmouna, Electro-optical properties of polymer-dispersed liquid crystals, Macromol. Rapid Commun. 23 (2002), 159-170.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3927(20020201)23:3<159::aid-marc159>3.0.co;2-1

[9] B. Yan, J. He, R. Bao, X. Bai, S. Wang, Y. Zeng, Y. Wang, Modification of electro-optical properties of polymer dispersed liquid crystal films by iniferter polymerization, Eur. Polym. J. 44 (2008) 952-958.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2007.12.025

[10] H. Ono, H. Shimokawa, A. Emoto, N. Kawatsuki, Effects of droplet size on photorefractive properties of polymer dispersed liquid crystals, Polymer 44 (2003) 7971-7978.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2003.10.038

[11] K. –J. Yang, D. –Y, Yoon, Electro-optical characteristics of dye-doped polymer dispersed liquid crystals, J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 17 (2011) 543-548.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2010.12.018

[12] R.R. Deshmukh, M.K. Malik, Effect of temperature on the optical and electro-optical properties of poly(methyl methacrylate)/E7 polymer-dispersed liquid crystal composites, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 109 (2008) 627-637.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/app.27933

[13] P.S. Drzaic, Liquid Crystal Dispersions, World Scientific, Singapore, (1995).