Mechanical Properties and Tensile Fracture Mechanism of Rheocast A356 Al Alloy Using Cooling Slope
A356 aluminium alloy has a wide applicability in the manufacturing of automotive parts. Cooling slope (CS) rheocasting process has been used in the present work to produce A356 billets having near spherical morphology of primary Al phase. Absence of dendritic primary phase, observed in case conventionally cast A356 alloy, and finer distribution of secondary eutectic Si phase within the matrix establishes the usefulness of the CS casting route. Near spherical primary phase in the rheocast alloy ensures better strength, elongation properties and structural integrity in the produced billets. The liquid melt is allowed to flow through the cooling slope after pouring at 6500C. Rapid heat exchange between the flowing melt and slope wall and the atmosphere facilitates heterogeneous nucleation of α-Al phase on the cooling slope wall. Shear driven flow of the solidifying melt is found responsible for separation of α-Al phase from the slope wall and generation of nearly spherical morphology of the primary phase in the microstructure. Grain refiner addition in the melt leads to enhance the primary α-Al percentage in the microstructure and also aids to the improvement of degree of sphericity and reduction of spheroid size. So, grain refining helps to improve the strength, elongation and fracture properties of rheocast billets further.
B.S.S. Daniel and G.P. Chaudhari
P. Das et al., "Mechanical Properties and Tensile Fracture Mechanism of Rheocast A356 Al Alloy Using Cooling Slope", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 585, pp. 354-358, 2012