Effects of Surface Disordering on Optical & Mechanical Properties of Ar+ Implanted Polycarbonate
The surface disordering produced in polycarbonate specimens by 130 keV Ar+ ions has been investigated. The effect of argon ions on the surface structure of polycarbonate specimens has also been studied. The polycarbonate specimens were implanted with 130 keV Ar+ ions in the dose range of 1×1014-1×1016 ions cm-2. The change in the Urbach energy (disorder parameter) after implantation has been estimated using Urbach edge method by applying UV-Visible spectroscopic technique. Optical energy gaps of virgin as well as implanted specimens have also been calculated using UV-Visible spectroscopic technique. A clear enhancement in Urbach energy (disorder parameter) from 0.61 eV (virgin sample) to 1.38 eV (at a fluence of 1×1016 Ar+ cm-2) and a drastic decline in optical energy gap (4.1 eV to 0.63 eV) with increasing implantation dose has been observed. This decrease in optical energy gap has been found to have linear dependence on the increase in the Urbach energy which point towards the formation of disordered structures in the implanted layers of polycarbonate. The structural changes produced due to implantation have been studied using Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopic technique. Furthermore, Knoop microhardness has been found to be enhanced 14 times (at a load of 9.8 mN) after implantation. The possible correlation of the increase in Knoop surface hardness with the structural changes observed as a result of implantation has been established and discussed.
B.S.S. Daniel and G.P. Chaudhari
N. Shekhawat et al., "Effects of Surface Disordering on Optical & Mechanical Properties of Ar+ Implanted Polycarbonate", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 585, pp. 537-541, 2012