Effect of Micro-Size Cenosphere Content on Friction and Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of Vinylester Composites – A Taguchi Method


Article Preview

In this paper the friction and wear characteristics of vinylester and vinylester composites have been investigated under dry sliding conditions for different applied normal load, sliding speed and sliding distance. The experiments have been carried on a pin on disc arrangement at normal room temperature conditions. The influence of friction and wear parameters like normal load, speed, sliding distance and percentage of filler content on the friction and wear rate has been investigated. In this study, a plan of experiments based on the techniques of Taguchi was performed to acquire data in a controlled way. An orthogonal array L27 (313) and Analysis of variance (ANOVA) were applied to investigate the influence of process parameters on the coefficient of friction and sliding wear behaviour of these composites. The Taguchi design of experiment approach eliminates the need for repeated experiments and thus saves time, material and cost. The results showed that with increase in the applied normal load and sliding speed the coefficient of friction and specific wear rate decreases under dry sliding conditions. It is also found that a thin film formed on the counterface seems to be effective in improving the tribological characteristics. The results showed that the inclusion of cenosphere as filler materials in vinylester composites will increase the wear resistance of the composite significantly.



Edited by:

B.S.S. Daniel and G.P. Chaudhari




S.R. Chauhan and S. Thakur, "Effect of Micro-Size Cenosphere Content on Friction and Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of Vinylester Composites – A Taguchi Method", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 585, pp. 569-573, 2012

Online since:

November 2012




[1] H. Unal, A. Mimaroglu, U. Kadıoglu, H. Ekiz., Sliding friction and wear behaviour of polytetrafluoroethylene and its composites under dry conditions. Materials and Design, 5 (2004) 239–245.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2003.10.009

[2] H. Y. Yeh, S.C. Yang, Building of a composite transmission tower, J. Reinf. Plast. Compo., 16 (1997) 414–418.

[3] A.E. Bolvari, S.B. Gleen, Abrasive wear of polymer composites, Eng. Plastics, 9 (3) (1996) 205–215.

[4] K. Friedrich, Z. Lu, A.M. Hager, Recent advances in polymer composites tribology, Wear 190 (1995) 139- 44.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1648(96)80012-3

[5] L Hollaway, Handbook of Polymer Composites for Engineers, First Edition, Jaico Publishing House, Mumbai (1995) 24–28 73–76.

[6] W.D. Scott, T. Heldt, G. Van Erp, S.R. Ayers., Vinyl ester/cenosphere composite materials for civil and structural engineering, FRP Int. 2 (2005) 2–5.

[7] S.R. Chauhan, Anoop Kumar, I Singh, Study on the friction and sliding wear behaviour of woven S-glass fiber reinforced vinylester composite manufactured with different comonomers, J. Mater. Sci., 44 (2009) 6338-6347.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-009-3873-1

[8] S.R. Chauhan, A. Kumar, I. Singh and P. Kumar, Effect of fly ash content on friction and dry sliding wear behavior of glass fiber reinforced polymer composites - A Taguchi approach, Jou. of Min. & Mat. Chara. & Eng., 94 (2010) 365-387.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/jmmce.2010.94027

[9] P. J. Ross, Taguchi technique for quality engineering, Mc Graw-Hill, New York, (1993) 1-40.

[10] K. R. Roy, A primer on Taguchi method, Van Nostrad reinhold, New York. (1990).

[11] Taguchi, G., Taguchi on robust technology development methods, ASME press, New York, (1993) 1-40.

[12] S. S. Mahapatra, A. Patnaik, Study on mechanical and erosion wear behavior of hybrid composites using Taguchi experiment design. Materials and Design, 30 (2009) 2791–2801.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2009.01.037

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.