Synthesis and Analysis of High Surface Area Vanadium Carbide Nanoparticles
Vanadium carbide is known for its applications due to extreme hardness and high melting point. In this present work, vanadium carbide nanoparticles have been synthesized in a specially designed stainless steel autoclave by solvothermal route using vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) as precursor along with a hydrocarbon acetone (C3H6O) in the presence of reducing agent magnesium (Mg). The optimization of reaction time was studied at constant temperature of 800oC. The product powder was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission electron microscope (TEM) and Brunauer – Emmett – Teller (BET) techniques. The results indicate that the product was vanadium carbide having particle size of about 30 nm with high surface area.
B.S.S. Daniel and G.P. Chaudhari
M. Mahajan et al., "Synthesis and Analysis of High Surface Area Vanadium Carbide Nanoparticles", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 585, pp. 95-99, 2012