Comparison of Field Performance between Bamboo-Geotextile Composite Embankment and High Strength Geotextile Embankment


Article Preview

Trial embankment approximately 3 meters height, 10 meters of length, 16 meters width, and a slope of 1V: 2H was completed on soft clay site at RECESS, UTHM, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia. Two embankments were respectively reinforced by a high strength geotextile (HSG) and the combination of bamboo and low strength geotextile or bamboo-geotextile composite (BGC) at the interface between embankment fill and foundation soil. Each embankment was installed with the same geotechnical instrumentation scheme for monitoring purposes. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the field performance for both embankments in terms of improving settlement embankment under the embankment. For this purpose, the settlement under the embankment, settlement at the surface of the embankment and the excess pore water pressure response were measured through geotechnical instrumentation for over 418 days. The results showed that the BGC system is more practical than HSG in terms of settlement and also in terms of cost, without compromising the quality of the embankment performance.



Edited by:

Catalina Spataru




A. Marto et al., "Comparison of Field Performance between Bamboo-Geotextile Composite Embankment and High Strength Geotextile Embankment", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 587, pp. 77-80, 2012

Online since:

November 2012




[1] R.W. Sarsby. Use of Limited Life Geotextiles, (LLGs) For Basal Reinforcement of Embankment Built on Soft Clay. Civil Engineering Section, SEBE, Wolverhampton University, Wolverhampton WVI ISB, UK. Elsevier Science Direct. (2007).


[2] S. Thammicha. Bamboo. Proceedings of A Workshop on Design and Manufacturing of Bamboo and Rattan furniture. Jakarta, Indonesia, p.1–12 (1989).

[3] S.C. Lakkad & J.M. Patel. Fiber Sci. Technol. 14: 319-322 (1980).

[4] K. Ghavami. Bamboo as Reinforcement in Structural Concrete Elements. Cement & Composites. 27. p. pp.637-649 (2005).


[5] A. Marto and B. A. Othman. The Potential Use of Bamboo as Green Material for Soft Clay Reinforcement System. Published at IPCBEE vol. 8 (2011) © (2011) IACSIT Press, Singapore.

[6] M. Irsyam, S. Krisnanto and S.P.R. Wardhani. Instrumented Full Scale Test and Numerical Analysis to Investigate Performance of Bamboo Pile-Mattress System as Soil Reinforcement for Coastal Embankment on Soft Clay. Geotechnical Engineering for Disaster Mitigation and Rehabilitation Liu, Deng and Chu (eds) 2008 Science Press Beijing and Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg (2008).


[7] A. Marto, F. Kasim and B.A. Othman. Bamboo-Geotextile Composite Soil Reinforcement System. Slide presentation at Industrial Art and Technology Exhibition 2010 (INATEX 2010).

[8] A. Khatib. Bearing Capacity of Granular Soil overlying Soft Clay Reinforced with Bamboo-Geotextile Composite at the Interface. Ph. D Thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. (2009).