The Forecasting of the Elevator Traffic Flow Time Series Based on ARIMA and GP
As one of the conventional statistical methods, the autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model has been one of the most widely used linear models in time series forecasting. However, the ARIMA model cannot easily capture the nonlinear patterns. Artificial neural network (ANN) can be utilized to construct more accurate forecasting model than ARIMA for nonlinear time series, but it is difficult to explain the meaning of the hidden layers of ANN and it does not produce a mathematical equation. In this study, by combining ARIMA with genetic programming (GP), a hybrid forecasting model will be used for elevator traffic flow time series which can improve the accuracy both the GP and the ARIMA forecasting models separately. At last, simulations are adopted to demonstrate the advantages of the proposed ARIMA-GP forecasting model.
J. F. Li and Q. Zong, "The Forecasting of the Elevator Traffic Flow Time Series Based on ARIMA and GP", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 588-589, pp. 1466-1471, 2012