Droplet Transfer on Three Phase Relations at Four-Wire Welding Robot
Based on the high-speed photography, the effect of phase relations on droplet transfer and welding seam was analyzed. To each TCGMAW (Twin-wire Co-pool Gas-shielded Metal Arc Welding) torch at four-wire welding robot, under the descriptive welding parameters, when the phase relation of the front wire and the back wire was alternate, the arcs of the two wires had no effect on each other basically; the welding seam shaped very well. When the phase relation was synchronized, the arcs attracted each other and the two arcs centralized to the middle of the two wires; the humping bead was formed. When the phase relation was random, now and then the arcs synchronized and attracted each other, and at times the arcs changed alternately and had no effect on each other; the appearance quality of the welding seam was moderate.
S. M. Xie et al., "Droplet Transfer on Three Phase Relations at Four-Wire Welding Robot", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 588-589, pp. 1751-1754, 2012