1st International Conference On New Materials for Extreme Environment

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Authors: Ana Sofia Ramos, M. Teresa Vieira, Sonia Simões, Filomena Viana, Manuel F. Vieira
Abstract: Joining nickel based superalloys to gamma-TiAl intermetallic alloys will contribute to a more efficient application of these advanced materials, particularly in extreme environments. In this study, Inconel alloy and gamma-TiAl are joined using as filler alternated nanolayer thin films deposited onto each base material. The nanolayers consisted in Ni/Al exothermic reactive multilayer thin films with periods of 5 and 14 nm deposited by d.c. magnetron sputtering in order to improve the adhesion to the substrates and to avoid the reaction between Ni and Al. Diffusion bonding experiments with multilayer coated alloys were performed under vacuum at 800°C by applying 50 MPa during 1h. Bonding was achieved in large areas of the centre of the joints where regions without cracks or pores were produced, especially when using multilayer thin films with a 14 nm modulation period.
Authors: Peter Worbs, Marco Grattarola, Hans Maier, Harald Bolt
Abstract: Thin TiCx films with a range from pure Ti to stoichiometric TiC (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) have been deposited on carbon-based materials by dual magnetron sputter deposition. The wetting behaviour of a Cu Ti alloy on TiCx coatings has been characterized using the sessile drop method. For these experiments a contact angle measurement device was constructed and successfully tested. Both, stoichiometric TiC and Ti coatings improve wetting dramatically. In between there was no significant wetting improving effect compared to the uncoated case. Subsequently, TiCx coated C/Cu braze joints have been tested on their ability to withstand mechanical loads and analysed with respect to their fracture behaviour.
Authors: Derek Buckthorpe, Jo Baker, Paul Sherlock
Authors: Jan Fikar, Robin Schäublin, Carolina Björkas
Abstract: Atomistic simulations are used to describe the ½<111> screw dislocation in tungsten. Two different embedded atom model (EAM) potentials and one bond-order potential (BOP) are compared. A new analytical approach for constructing asymmetrical screw dislocations is presented.
Authors: Duc Nguyen-Manh
Abstract: Ab-initio calculations have been performed to investigate systematically defect-impurity interaction in Tungsten and other bcc transition metals. It is found that the most stable configuration of C and N atoms is the octahedral interstitial site whereas O and H atoms are located in the tetrahedral configuration. For the particular case of bcc-W, the binding energies formed by the carbon and nitrogen atoms located at octahedral sites, and mono-vacancy on a nearest neighbor site are very large, 1.39 eV and 1.91 eV, respectively. Implication of these results of diffusion of point defects in tungsten is discussed and compared with the case of bcc-Fe.
Authors: Ji Yeon Park, Seok Min Kang, Weon Ju Kim, Akira Kohyama
Abstract: To estimate the ion-irradiation effect on various types of SiCf/SiC composites, a silicon self-ion irradiation was performed at temperatures of 600 °C and 1200 °C and at doses of 5 dpa and 20 dpa, respectively. These SiCf/SiC composites were prepared by different processes such as CVI (chemical vapor infiltration), WA-CVI (SiC whisker assisted CVI) and hot-pressing (HP) method. Hardness was measured by a nano-indentation tester and microstructural changes were observed by TEM with SAD(selected area diffraction) technique for the specimens prepared by FIB (Focused Ion Beam) milling. The damage dose was calculated by the SRIM2003 code and then compared with microstructureal observation.
Authors: Noé Cheung, M.A. Larosa, Wislei R.R. Osório, Maria Clara F. Lerardi, Amauri Garcia
Abstract: The aim of this work is to develop a heat transfer mathematical model based on the finite difference method in order to simulate temperature fields in the laser surface remelting process. Convective heat transfer in the remelted pool is taken into account by using the effective thermal conductivity approach. Experiments of laser surface remelting of AISI 420 stainless steel samples were carried out in the present investigation, and numerical simulations were applied for the laser machine operating parameters. The work also encompasses the analysis of microstructural and microhardness variations throughout the resulting treated and unmolten zones.
Authors: Manuel A. Pouchon, Jia Chao Chen, W. Hoffelner
Abstract: Miniature and sub-miniature samples were used for determination of mechanical properties of materials for advanced fission plants. Results from indentation and focused ion beam prepared micro-samples, punch tests and thin strip (irradiation) creep tests are shown. The results allow conclusions concerning materials damage. Irradiation damage profiles were determined with indentation. Results from micro-pillar tests showed a good agreement with results from conventional samples in case of oxide dispersion strengthened steels. Thin strip irradiation creep experiments revealed a negligible influence of dispersoid size/distribution on creep rates. Punch tests of fibre reinforced materials showed consistent results which still need quantitative analysis.
Authors: Valeriy V. Karbushev, Ivan I. Konstantinov, Irina L. Parsamyan, Valery G. Kulichikhin, Vladimir A. Popov, Thomas F. George
Abstract: An efficient method is developed to achieve improved dispersion of detonation nanodiamond particles in amorphous thermoplastic matrices. For an estimation of the nanodiamond distribution in slices, a method of optical and transmission electron microscopy is used. The complex set of mechanical properties of polymer-nanodiamond composites is considered: tensile properties, Izod impact strength and Brinell hardness. It is found that the reinforcing and toughening effects of uniformly-dispersed nanoparticles on polymer matrices is pronounced at lower loading compared with traditional mixing procedure.

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