Preparation of SnS2, SnS2:Cu, SnS Nanocrystals and Assembly of Thin Film Solar Cell with the Novel Structure of FTO/SnS2:Cu/SnS/Sn


Article Preview

In this paper, SnS2, SnS2:Cu and SnS nanocrystals were prepared by hydrothermal method and the thin film solar cell with the novel structure of FTO/SnS2:Cu/ SnS/Sn was fabricated by dipping-coating technique. The thin film solar cell gave the short circuit photocurrent density of 37.5 μA·cm−2, open circuit voltage of 130 mV, and fill factor of 0.35, corresponding to the photoelectric conversion efficiency of 0.17 %.



Edited by:

Liangzhong Jiang




M. Yao et al., "Preparation of SnS2, SnS2:Cu, SnS Nanocrystals and Assembly of Thin Film Solar Cell with the Novel Structure of FTO/SnS2:Cu/SnS/Sn", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 590, pp. 35-39, 2012

Online since:

November 2012




[1] L. Amalraj, C. Sanjeeviraja, M. Jayachandran, Spray pyrolysised tin disulphide thin film and characterisation[J], Journal of Crystal Growth. 234 (2002) 683-689.


[2] M. Sharon, K. Basavaswaran, Photoelectrochemical behaviour of tin monosulphide, Solar cells. 25 (1988) 91-107.


[3] S. Bucchia, J. Jumas, M. Maurir, Contribution/I l'etude de compos6s sulfur6s d'etain(II): aflinement de la structure de SnS, Acta Crystallogr. B 37 (1981) 1903-(1905).


[4] Sekar, C. Ray, Malay K. Karanjai, D.D. Gupta, Structure and photoconductive properties of dip-deposited SnS and SnS2 thin films and their conversion to tin dioxide by annealing in air, Thin solid films. 350 (1999) 72-78.


[5] K. Kawano, R. Nakata, M. Sumita, Effects of substrate temperature on absorption edge and photocurrent in evaporated, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 22 (1989) 136-134.


[6] B. Ghosh, M. Das, P. Banerjee, S. Das, Fabrication and optical properties of SnS thin films by SILAR method, Applied Surface Science. 254 (2008) 6436-6440.


[7] S.K. Panda, A. Antonakos, E. Liarokapis, S. Bhattacharya, S. Chaudhuri, Optical properties of nanocrystalline SnS2 thin films, Materials Research Bulletin. 42 (2007) 576.


[8] K.T. Ramakrishna Reddy, P.P. Reddy, P.K. Datta , R.W. Miles, Formation of polycrystalline SnS layers by a two-step process, Thin Solid Films. 116 (2002) 403-404.


[9] M.B. Prince, Silicon Solar Energy Converters, J. Appl. Phys. 26 (1955) 534-541.

[10] J.J. Loferski, Theoretical considerations governing the choice of the optimum semiconductor for photovoltaic solar energy conversion, J. Appl. Phys. 27 (1956) 777-785.


[11] N.G. Deshpande, A.A. Sagade, Y.G. Gudage, C.D. Lokhande, Ramphal Sharma, Growth and characterization of tin disulfide (SnS2) thin film deposited by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) technique Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 436 (2007).


[12] Y.T. Qian, Crystal Chemistry Introduction, Third Version, China, (2005).