Abstract: Nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulation is used to simulate the hydrodynamics lubrication in the nanoscale bearing. A physical model of the nanascale bearing that the thin liquid water film confined between two solid walls has been set up. The simulation results indicate that the hydrodynamic pressure profiles as the macroscopic state are formed in nanoscale bearings. The hydrodynamic pressure increases with increasing shear velocity, and corresponding load capacity also increases with increasing sliding velocity of the upper driven wall. These results are in accordance with classical Reynolds’ theory about hydrodynamic lubrication. On the other hand, the shear thinning behavior of the liquid water film appears, so that effective viscosity decreases under high shear velocity. Although effective viscosity of water film decreases under high shear velocity, this phenomenon doesn’t affect the hydrodynamic lubrication of the nanoscale bearing.
Abstract: . In this paper, in order to determine whether the ballistic current enhancement saturates at very high stress level or can be further improved, the effect of uniaxial stress on the ballistic transport of the double-gated, ultrathin-body p-type silicon nanotransistor is investigated using a self-consistent device simulator, which combines the stress-dependent six-band k.p model and a semiclassical top-of-the-barrier ballistic transport model. Based on a semi-continuum atomistic lattice model, the size-dependent elastic constant correction has been for the first time coupled into this simulator. Our results presented here indicate uniaxial compressive stress at moderate levels improves ballistic performance by about 85% while uniaxial tensile stress slightly reduces ballistic drive current. Interestingly, higher compressively strained channel does not offer higher drive current. Although significant variations in the size-dependent elastic constants are found, the ballistic current shows only a small decrease after considering the elastic constant correction. Furthermore, the competition of injection velocity and carrier density related to hole effective masses is found to play a critical role in determining the performance of the nanotransistors.
Abstract: SnS and Ag films were deposited on glass substrates by vacuum thermal evaporation successively, then they were annealed in N2 ambience at a temperature of 300 oC for 2h. By controlling the Ag evaporation voltage to roughly alter content of Ag in SnS films, different Ag-doped SnS films were obtained. The microstructures, composition and properties of the films were characterized with X-ray diffraction ( XRD ), atomic force microscopy(AFM) and some other methods. With the increase of Ag evaporation voltage (VAg), there exist new phases of Ag8SnS6 and Ag2S, whose intensity of diffraction peaks increases with the increasing Ag-dopant, and the average roughness of the films varies from 18.7nm to 23.6nm, and grain size increases from 192nm to 348nm. With the increase of VAg, the evaluated direct band gap Eg of the films decreases from 2.28eV(undoped) to 2.05eV (VAg=70V), the carrier concentration value and Hall mobility of the films diminishes from 2.048×1014cm-3 and 25.96 cm2.v-2.s-1 to 1.035×1016 cm-3 and 5.66 cm2.v-2.s-1, respectively; while the resistivity of the films decreases sharply from 1174Ω.cm(undoped ) to 107Ω.cm (VAg=70V ). All the films are of p-type conductivity. The above results show that the semiconducting properties of the SnS films have been improved by silver-doping.
Abstract: A simple sonochemical synthesis of tungsten trioxide hydrate with various morphologies has been developed by using tungsten hexachloride (WCl6) as precursor and water, ethanol and their mixture as solvent, followed by annealing in a tube furnace. The resulting products were structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transition electron microscopy (TEM) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). Results show that nanowhiskers emanating from the core of nanoparticles have been obtained with ethanol as solvent, and that nanoplates and nanosheets were formed when water and/or mixed ethanol and water was used as the solvent, respectively. The continuous changing supersaturation of tungsten trioxide may account for the formation of nanowhiskers. The formation of nanoplates or nanosheets may be associated with the selective adsorption of solvent molecules on the WO3 crystals. Due to a combination of the loss of chemical bonded water and crystal growth, the as-synthesized tungsten trioxide hydrate underwent apparent morphological evolution during thermal processing.
Abstract: This paper proposes a methodology method for line edge roughness (LER) measurement and characterization using atomic force microscope. The definition and origins of LER are discussed firstly. A LER quantificational method using image processing and threshold method is presented, which is used to analyze AFM images of Silicon lines and extract LER characteristics. Then the energy distribution of LER is determined by the multi-scale analysis based on wavelet transform and the parameters of multi-scale characterization were given. The experiment data shows that this method can offer an effective quantitative analysis of LER.
Abstract: In cell biology and medicine study, continuous high spatial resolution observations of living cells would greatly aid the elucidation of the relationship between structure and function of cells. The development of scanning probe microscopy (SPM) has opened up a new era of life science and has been used to develop a family of related methods that allow studying of cell structure and function on nanometer scale. Scanning ion conductance microscopy (SICM) is a new member of such SPM family and can be used to obtain high-resolution non-contact images of the surface of live cells under physiological conditions, and hence allows the relationship between cell microstructure and function to be probed. In this review, we concisely introduce the principles of SICM and its applications in nanobiology and nanomedicine.
Abstract: This paper researches on the temperature effects of a fully-symmetrical micromachined gyroscope. The Young’s modulus and thermal expansion coefficient of silicon vary with the environment temperature, which affects the modes’ resonant frequencies of micromachined gyroscopes. The effects of temperature fluctuation on the modes’ resonant frequencies is simulated by the FEM software ANSYS. The simulation results show that the fully-symmetrical gyroscope’s resonance frequencies decrease with the increase of temperature and the decrease degree nearly 0.256Hz/°C, but the two modes’ resonance frequencies matches well. The micromachined gyroscope’s dynamic characteristics are tested. The resonant frequencies and the quality factor are reduced with the increase of temperature and the decrease degree of the fit linear about the resonant frequencies is 0.276 Hz/°C. The test results are in good accordance with the simulation results.
Abstract: Some multi-walled carbon nanotubes (NMWTs) were firstly dispersed in aqueous solution with surfactant ultrasonic dispersion process, then mixed into cement matrix, casting six groups cement-based materials filled with varying NMWTs additions (nwt) (NFCMs), and as comparison, the plain referential cement paste was fabricated. The ampere-volt (I-V) characteristics and percolation threshold of this type of nanocomposites were focused by four-electrode method. Results show that, the I-V features of the reference has obvious nonlinearity due to polarized reaction within cement hydrated electrolytes after being induced by passing 0~±30 V voltages, those of the NFCMs with six different nwt still have somewhat nonlinear traits, which mainly attribute to the double-layer coatings between NMWTs and out-encapsulated cement hydration isolation. The resistivity (ρ) of the NFCM nanocomposite steadily decreases with the increment of nwt, which contributes to superior capabilities of charge transporter and near-field emission of NMWTs, and the overlapped chance of physical contacts between conducting aggregates of NMWTs and bulk matrix increases by nwt enhancing; although there is still some fluctuation on ρ, but it becomes weaker and weaker by nwt increasing. The percolation threshold of the NFCMs is nwt being 2.0%, and the integrated network pathways at micro-scale form between NMWTs each other through the correspondent NFCM, also revealed in microstructure.
Abstract: This work is focused on design and fabrication of a hybrid-type electrostatic silicon microgripper integrated vacuum tool. Vacuum tools are integrated in this novel microgripper in order to improve its pick and place capability. Surface and bulk micromachining technology is employed to fabricate the microgripper from single crystal silicon wafer (i.e., no silicon on insulator wafer is used). And the bonding technology is used to form the gas pipes for the vacuum tool. The linear motion of the microactuator is converted into a rotational gripping motion by a system of spring beams. At a driving voltage of 80V, a deflection of 25μm at the arm tip of the gripper is achieved.