The Potential Use of Periwinkle Shell as Coarse Aggregate for Concrete
The potential of periwinkle shell as coarse aggregate for concrete was studied in this paper. The properties of concrete made with periwinkle shell as coarse aggregate were examined. Test conducted on the concrete was compressive strength test. Prescribed mix designs of 1:1:2, 1:2:3, 1:4:6, 1:2:4 and 1:3:5 were used to produce concrete cubes used for testing. The different constituents that make up the periwinkle concrete are presented in ratio form as cement: sharp Sand: Periwinkle shell. Batching was done by volume and the corresponding weight recorded. The cubes were made and tested at hydration periods of 7, 14, 21 and 28 days to determine the compressive strength of the periwinkle shell concrete. The results show that periwinkle shell has a bulk density of 517kg/m3 and specific gravity of 2.05. The results also shows that design mix of 1:1:2, 1:2:3 and 1:2:4 with compressive strength of 25.67 N/mm2, 19.50N/mm2 and 19.83N/mm2 at 28 days hydration period respectively met the ASTM-77 recommended minimum strength of 17N/mm2 for structural light weight concrete while mix design of 1:4:6, and 1:3:5 with compressive strength of 14.00N/mm2 and 16.50N/mm2 respectively did not met the standard.
Prof. A.O. Akii Ibhadode, A.I. Igbafe and B.U. Anyata
J.O. Osarenmwinda and A.O. Awaro, "The Potential Use of Periwinkle Shell as Coarse Aggregate for Concrete", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 62-64, pp. 39-43, 2009