Geoinformation for Oil Spill Disaster Management in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

Abstract:

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One of the major ecological and environmental problems confronting the Niger Delta region of Nigeria today is degradation and hazard arising from oil spill. Spillage occurs in this region either from vandalisation or sabotage by ethnic militants, youths who are jobless and therefore deliberately break open crude oil transport pipelines to scoop fuel for sale in the black market to earn a living or rupture of pipes due to ageing and mechanical malfunction. In most spillages, farmlands are lost, aquatic and wildlife is affected, and people are in many cases displaced from their homes. In extreme cases as occurred in Jesse, lives were lost. This paper examines the use of Geoinformation technology in oil spill response modelling and management. The use Global Positioning System (GPS) derived data for the creation of a management database is discussed. Data generated from the Jesse spill and fire site covering these areas were used to generate case study scenario for oil spill response modelling and clean up management operation.

Info:

Periodical:

Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 62-64)

Edited by:

Prof. A.O. Akii Ibhadode, A.I. Igbafe and B.U. Anyata

Pages:

432-438

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.62-64.432

Citation:

H. A.P. Audu and J.O. Ehiorobo, "Geoinformation for Oil Spill Disaster Management in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 62-64, pp. 432-438, 2009

Online since:

February 2009

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Price:

$35.00

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