Power Quality Assessment in a Distribution Network
The paper explores power quality disturbances on a specified section of the distribution network of a Textile Industry in Kaduna State of Nigeria. The 33kV PHCN incoming to the industry is stepped down to 11kV by a 7.5MVA, 33/11kV three-phase transformer. This transformer supplies various 11/.415kV transformers present in the distribution network. Another 11kV PHCN incoming is used in event of any failure from the 33/11kV transformer. The paper focuses on Transformer No. 1, a 150kVA, 11/.415kV three-phase transformer operating at 0.9 power factor, located at printing and dying (P/D) building 1. Majority of the loads on it are inductive. Measurements were taken at the secondary terminal of this transformer by the use of the Harmonitor 3000 power analyzer, which generates the voltage and current waveforms, power factor, voltage and current total harmonic distortion and the apparent power of the red, yellow and blue phases of the transformer. Analyses of these data reveal the disturbances due to harmonics in the phases and neutral of the transformer. The effect of the harmonic current is seen as poor power factor of the transformer. Considering the observations and analyses of the power quality of the transformer 1 (P/D), the paper proposes some recommendations for improving the power quality of the distribution network under study.
Prof. A.O. Akii Ibhadode, A.I. Igbafe and B.U. Anyata
B.A. Adegboye "Power Quality Assessment in a Distribution Network", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 62-64, pp. 53-59, 2009