Sustaining the Rural Energy Demand through Biogas Technology

Abstract:

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Energy supply and utilization is one of the economic indices of regional development and standard of living. Energy availability in the rural areas of Nigeria is fast becoming a great challenge with the high cost of cooking gas and kerosene and environmental problems associated with firewood. The paper demonstrated the use of a pilot model study (floating drum plant) of bio-decomposition of animal waste (cattle dung and fodder) in an anaerobic condition (single batch system) to generate methane for domestic cooking. This is a unique way of waste management with additional values of energy accessibility, reliability, quality, cost and benefits including environmental and social aspects. Method involved the pre-treatment of the substrate and its inoculation. Material compositions were batched by weight. Gas produced was monitored for 10 times at 3 days interval effective from the fifth day of retention. Efficiency increased to peak at the 11th day (32.8% of the total cumulative, TC) and reduced to 1.2% TC at the 22nd day.

Info:

Periodical:

Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 62-64)

Edited by:

Prof. A.O. Akii Ibhadode, A.I. Igbafe and B.U. Anyata

Pages:

736-743

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.62-64.736

Citation:

J.O. Aribisala and T. Omotoso, "Sustaining the Rural Energy Demand through Biogas Technology", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 62-64, pp. 736-743, 2009

Online since:

February 2009

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Price:

$35.00

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