Modelling of Sediment Transport Capacities of Ogbese and Owena Rivers in S.W. Nigeria
The movement of sediment such as sand, silt or gravel by flowing water is of interest to a wide range of engineering disciplines. This study is aimed at developing models, which can be used to predict the magnitude and levels of sediment concentration in Ogbese and Owena Rivers in Ondo State S.W. Nigeria for engineering design purposes. Data were collected from field investigations conducted at the respective sampling stations on the two rivers. The live bed concept used was derived from Liu – Hwang (1954) resistance equations and that of Einstein-Brown (1981) sediment transport concept. The problem was reduced to that of a power law relationship. These data ere fitted into the power relationship to obtain the predicted model of the form: F1Q = k2k1, where the parameters F1Q is the dimensionless sediment discharge, is the dimensionless bed shear stress, k1 and k2 are sediments transport coefficients. Calibrating the models yielded the values of k1 and k2 for Ogbese river as 0.592 and 0.865 and for Owena river as 0.335 and 1.197 respectively. When tested the predicted models for Ogbese and Owena rivers performed well in comparison with the established models such as Ackers and White (1973), Engleund and Hansen (1967), Yang (1973) a\and Karim (1998). It is concluded that the models developed would be useful for engineering design purposes for Ogbese and Owena rivers.
Prof. A.O. Akii Ibhadode, A.I. Igbafe and B.U. Anyata
C.S. Okoli et al., "Modelling of Sediment Transport Capacities of Ogbese and Owena Rivers in S.W. Nigeria", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 62-64, pp. 786-796, 2009