Study of Low Carbon Low Alloy Steel Annealing Process Parameters Optimization
A suitable match of annealing process parameters is critical for obtaining the fine microstructure of material. Low carbon low alloy steel (20CrMnTi) was heated for various durations near Ac temperature to achieve fine pearlite and ferrite grains. Annealing temperature and time were used as independent variables, and material property data were acquired by orthogonal experiment under intercritical annealing followed by subcritical annealing process (IASAP). The weights of plasticity (hardness, yield strength, section shrinkage, and elongation) of annealing material were calculated by analytic hierarchy process, and then the process parameters were optimized by using the grey theory system. The results observed by SEM images show that the optimized material microstructure consists of refining and distributing uniformly ferrite-pearlite grains, and smaller lamellar cementites. Morphologies on tension fracture surface of the optimized material indicates that the numbers of dimple fracture show more finer toughness obviously comparing with other annealing materials. Moreover, the yield strength value of the optimized material decreases apparently measured by tensile test. Thus, the new optimized strategy is accurate and feasible.
M. Y. Zhao and Q. W. Chen, "Study of Low Carbon Low Alloy Steel Annealing Process Parameters Optimization", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 631-632, pp. 649-659, 2013