Microstructures and Mechanical Characteristics of Enamel and Dentin of Primary and Permanent Teeth
Objective: To investigate the microstructures and mechanical characteristics of enamel and dentin of primary and permanent teeth by AFM, analyze their relationships and provide information for bionics and designs of dental materials. Methods: After embedding, cutting and grinding, 10 primary teeth and 10 permanent teeth were randomly divided into four groups. The morphology of samples was obtained by AFM and the roughness and Young’s modulus were calculated by JPK DP Data processing version 4.0 software. Results: In permanent teeth groups, the enamel rods arrange more tightly than those in primary teeth groups. The roughness of primary enamel （1203±39.5nm）was higher than permanent teeth（954.6±30.5nm）.The Young′s modulus of enamel in primary teeth（80.4±7.7GPa）was lower than permanent teeth（90.8±2.2GPa）. The roughness of dentin in primary teeth （1695±67.6nm）is higher than permanent teeth （1210±45.3nm）and the Young′s modulus of dentin in primary teeth（19.8±1.9 GPa）was lower than the permanent teeth （23.1±1.0 GPa）. Conclusions: The mechanical characteristics of primary and permanent teeth are closely related to their microstructures.
Q. Z. Si et al., "Microstructures and Mechanical Characteristics of Enamel and Dentin of Primary and Permanent Teeth", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 658, pp. 67-72, 2013