Coating of nanoparticles on fabrics provides huge potential applications in textile industry. The microencapsulation process is used to encapsulate the nanosilica particles which is used to coat on the surface of fabrics and to observe the special properties such as anti-bacterial, wrinkle resistance, etc. The amorphous nano silica particles were prepared from the natural resources through chemical route. The encapsulated nano silica was prepared using sodium alginate as a wall material by the coacervation method. The prepared sample was coated on the surface of the fabrics by pad-dry-cure method. The anti-bacterial studies were carried out for the nano silica coated and uncoated fabrics and the results would demonstrate the antibacterial effectiveness of treated cotton fabrics. The basic properties like tensile strength, tear strength, air permeability, crease recovery and whiteness index have been analysed for the coated and uncoated fabrics.