Research on the 3-Axis CNC Ultra-Precision Grinding of Aspheric Mould
Parallel grinding is an effective method of aspheric moulds machining which is usually made of industrial ceramic such as silicon carbide (SiC) or tungsten carbide (WC), but if the spherical grinding wheel is not being with precision truing and dressing, the roughness and form accuracy of the ground aspheric surface should get worse, for this reason, in this paper, the influence factors of thoroughness and form accuracy induced by the wheel truing and dressing are studied firstly, and a new 3-axis CNC Ultra-precision grinding system which is based on the PMAC (Programmable Multi-axes Controller) is developed, through simultaneous motion of the controlled X, Z and B axis, the form errors which is induced by the grinding wheel can be improved theoretically, and the aspheric mould machining test shown that the surface roughness of Ra 0.025μm and the form accuracy of P-V 1.15μm are achieved.
Julong Yuan, Shiming Ji, Donghui Wen and Ming Chen
L. J. Li et al., "Research on the 3-Axis CNC Ultra-Precision Grinding of Aspheric Mould", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 69-70, pp. 39-43, 2009