Biotransformation of Metalloporphyrins by Microorganisms Isolated from Organic-Rich Metal-Bearing Black Shale
Indigenous microorganisms isolated from organic-rich copper-bearing black shale from the Fore-Sudetic Monocline were able to transform naturally occurring metalloporphyrins in laboratory cultures. It was also demonstrated that these bacteria can utilize synthetic metalloporphyrins as the sole energy and carbon source. The first step in metalloporphyrin biotransformation was identified as the highly effective bioaccumulation of these compounds in bacterial cells. The ability of both living and dead cells to biosorb metalloporphyrins was also confirmed. Besides contributing to the important biogeochemical role of these microorganisms in the environment, their biotransformation activities are of potential use in the bioremediation of copper tailings as well as in the recovery of metals from organic-rich black shale ore, which is not possible using traditional hydrometallurgical procedures.
Edgardo R. Donati, Marisa R. Viera, Eduardo L. Tavani, María A. Giaveno, Teresa L. Lavalle, Patricia A. Chiacchiarini
R. Matlakowska and A. Sklodowska, "Biotransformation of Metalloporphyrins by Microorganisms Isolated from Organic-Rich Metal-Bearing Black Shale", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 71-73, pp. 709-712, 2009