In the course of remedial investigations for a former gasworks site, high cyanide pollution of the soil (74.6 - 101.7 mg/kgDS total cyanide) and of the groundwater (3,840 µg/l total cyanide /approx. 300 µg/l free cyanides) were particularly problematic. Extensive investigations in the laboratory as well as in field studies finally resulted in a 2-step oxic/anoxic concept. Both the free cyanides as well as the complex bound cyanides could be biodegraded at more than 90% through a combination of H2O2-treatment (ISCO) and denitrification by in situ conditions. Furthermore a destruction of the iron cyanide complexes under fermentative conditions could be observed for the first time.