Bioremediation of a Cyanide-Contaminated Site Using EH-/PH-Controlled Conditions (ENA)
In the course of remedial investigations for a former gasworks site, high cyanide pollution of the soil (74.6 - 101.7 mg/kgDS total cyanide) and of the groundwater (3,840 µg/l total cyanide /approx. 300 µg/l free cyanides) were particularly problematic. Extensive investigations in the laboratory as well as in field studies finally resulted in a 2-step oxic/anoxic concept. Both the free cyanides as well as the complex bound cyanides could be biodegraded at more than 90% through a combination of H2O2-treatment (ISCO) and denitrification by in situ conditions. Furthermore a destruction of the iron cyanide complexes under fermentative conditions could be observed for the first time.
Edgardo R. Donati, Marisa R. Viera, Eduardo L. Tavani, María A. Giaveno, Teresa L. Lavalle, Patricia A. Chiacchiarini
P. Harborth et al., "Bioremediation of a Cyanide-Contaminated Site Using EH-/PH-Controlled Conditions (ENA)", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 71-73, pp. 717-720, 2009