Thermodynamic Analysis and Observation of Inclusions in RE-Austenitic Stainless Steel
The effect of RE on modifying inclusions of 21Cr-11Ni austenitic stainless steel was studied by SEM and electron spectroscopy. Thermodynamic calculation was used to analyze the formation of RE inclusions in 21Cr-11Ni stainless steel. The result shows that sulfide and other irregular inclusions are modified to round or oval-shaped RE2O2S and RES.
X. Liu and J. L. Liang, "Thermodynamic Analysis and Observation of Inclusions in RE-Austenitic Stainless Steel", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 718-720, pp. 25-28, 2013