Ceramic Coatings by Electrophoretic Deposition: Processing and Properties
Electrophoretic deposition (EPD) allows the fabrication of ceramic coatings at lower cost and higher speed than most other deposition techniques. The processing consists of powder deposition from a suspension under the influence of an electric field and subsequent consolidation of the coating by sintering. Adherent zirconia coatings with coating thicknesses up to 0.1 mm were obtained from different suspensions, one methyl-ethyl-ketone and the other ethanol based. The standard sintering temperature is 1200°C, which easily may damage or change the substrate and also means high production costs. In order to reduce the sintering temperature, suspensions with the addition of ZrN were investigated. Due to reaction bonding, sintering in air at a remarkable low temperature of 1000°C was successful. The elastic modulus of the EPD coatings has been derived from impulse excitation experiments and the thermal conductivity from laser flash analysis. The elastic modulus was about 22 GPa and the thermal conductivity between 0.4 and 0.6 W/(m•K) at room temperature, both decreasing slightly with temperature. Especially the exceptionally low thermal conductivity makes EPD coatings a promising candidate for thermal barrier coatings.
Huibin Xu, Khiam Aik Khor, Shengkai Gong, Hongbo Guo
B. Baufeld et al., "Ceramic Coatings by Electrophoretic Deposition: Processing and Properties", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 75, pp. 47-52, 2009