Coupled Deflection Analysis of SMA Fiber Hybrid Composite Active Blade


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The constitutive equations relating cross-sectional loads(forces and moments)to cross-sectional displacements(stretching, bending, twisting) of thin-walled laminated beams with integral shape memory alloy (SMA)active fibers was presented. The variational asymptotic method was used to formulate the force- deformation relationships equations, accounting for the presence of active SMA fibers distributed along the cross-section of the beam. The constitutive relationships for evaluation of the properties of a hybrid SMA composite ply were obtained following the rule of mixtures. The analytical expressions of the actuation components for the active beam were derived based on Tanaka’s constitutive equation and Lin’s linear phase transformation kinetics for SMA fiber. The general form of constitutive relation was applied to the case of stretching-twist coupling, corresponding to Circumferentially Uniform Stiffness (CUS). The present analysis extended the previous work done for modeling generic passive thin-walled laminated beams. Numerical results shown that significant stretching and twisting deflection occur during the phase transformation due to SMA actuation. The effects of temperature on structural response behavior during phase transformation from martensite to austenite are significant. The effects of the volume fraction of the SMA fiber, the martensitic residual strain and ply angle were also addressed



Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 79-82)

Edited by:

Yansheng Yin and Xin Wang






Y. S. Ren et al., "Coupled Deflection Analysis of SMA Fiber Hybrid Composite Active Blade", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 79-82, pp. 1455-1458, 2009

Online since:

August 2009




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