The Cerium-based conversion coating is formed on the industrial aluminum(1060) by using chemical immersion. The microstructures of the conversion coating have been examined by scanning electron microscopy(SEM). The electrochemical measurement result shows that the corrosion resistance of aluminum is significantly improved after the conversion coating was formed. The result of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) shows that the cerium conversion coating mainly consisted of oxide of aluminum, CeO2 and TiO2. The formation mechanism of the Cerium-based conversion coating is investigated.